Browser load web certificates when a web server uses the HTTPS protocol. The certificate given to the browser will always be the public certificate, which will contain the public key. The private key is kept by the administrator who created the certificate and should never be shared.
Public-key cryptography, or asymmetric cryptography, is any cryptographic system that uses pairs of keys: public keys which may be disseminated widely, and private keys which are known only to the owner. This accomplishes two functions: authentication, where the public key verifies that a holder of the paired private key sent the message, and encryption, where only the paired private key holder can decrypt the message encrypted with the public key.
In a public key encryption system, …