STP (Spanning Tree Protocol) is a layer 2 protocol used to prevent switching loops. STP can be attacked by a hacker, and cause a network outage.
The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is a network protocol that builds a logical loop-free topology for Ethernet networks. The basic function of STP is to prevent bridge loops and the broadcast radiation that results from them. Spanning tree also allows a network design to include backup links to provide fault tolerance if an active link fails.
As the name suggests, STP creates a spanning tree within a network of connected layer-2 bridges, and disables those links …