Integrated GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) or Integrated Graphics is a technology that allows a motherboard to handle graphics generation without a dedicated expansion card with a GPU. Generally this requires that some of your system memory (RAM) be assigned to the GPU instead of the CPU and results in slower performance.
A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device. GPUs are used in embedded systems, mobile phones, personal computers, workstations, and game consoles.
Modern GPUs are efficient at manipulating computer graphics and image processing. Their parallel structure makes them more efficient than general-purpose central processing units (CPUs) for algorithms that process large blocks of data in parallel. In a personal computer, a GPU can be present on a video card or embedded on the motherboard. In some CPUs, they are embedded on the CPU die.