The CMOS battery (complementary metal-oxide semiconductor) is a small battery that provides power to a motherboard while it is powered off. This power source is used to store the BIOS configuration data (but not the BIOS firmware itself) and powers the Real Time Clock (RTC).
A real-time clock (RTC) is a computer clock (most often in the form of an integrated circuit) that keeps track of the current time.
Although the term often refers to the devices in personal computers, servers and embedded systems, RTCs are present in almost any electronic device which needs to keep accurate time. A common RTC used in single-board computers is the …